The paper is aimed at fiction as a content part of Slovak education system. Explication frame of the paper is not didactical, but literary: based on the constructivic theory of S.J. Schmidt it reflects literature as a social system within another social system (education). Paying attention to secondary grammar schools, the author observes a basic principle of literary education planning in official documents. Nowadays the principle is literary theory and it has replaced the long lasting principle of literary history. The author discusses results of the change, which have not met reform authors expectations. The next area of the paper is connection between teaching literature and formative goals of educational system.