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energy security
gas pipeline


The subject of this article is Poland’s energy security in the face of the liberalization of the European Union energy market. The aim of the undertaken research was to identify the threats existing in Poland and countries of Central and Eastern Europe as well as to assess their scale and economic and political effects.The article was primarily based on the following research methods: analysis of sources in the form of normative documents, available literature, comparative or secondary data constituting methodological components of the examined OPAL pipline case study. The article also reviews the events and conditions relating to the application of EU legal regulations aimed at counteracting the monopolistic seizure by the Russian Gazprom of the discussed transmission line in the context of the energy security policy pursued by the Polish authorities against the background of similar activities of several other countries in the region.
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