In addition to information about the glorious exploits of Achilles during the Trojan War, the tradition has preserved numerous sources telling about peculiarities of his growing up. Educational programs, which were developed for the young Achilles by his mentors Chiron and Phoenix, form the basis for the formation of the Homeric hero, not alien to the ancient Greek pedagogy of the VI-V century B.C. Plots about the peculiarities of training and education of Achilles, present on ceramics from the VI-V centuries B.C. are considered to be visual markers of the history of ancient Greek education. Achilles is an idealized image of the hero, which captures the features of the pedagogical tradition of Homeric time. The two mentors of Achilles make it possible to trace the phenomenon of educational continuity in the ancient pedagogical tradition.