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Słowa kluczowe

philosophical confession
fragmentary narrative
tragic attitude of the hero


The artistic dominant of the essay by I.S. Turgenev is to be found in the confessional nature of the author's lyrical and philosophical thoughts. The artist removes the keyword “note” from the title of the work and, instead, repeats it in the text. The work expresses the tragic worldview of the hero, who keenly felt the powerlessness of humanity and the values it created in relation to the vastness of the universe and the power of nature. The obvious subjectivity of the essay, however, does not allow us to identify the writer and the narrator, because Turgenev manages to maintain the position of “out–of–place” (M. Bakhtin) in relation to his hero.

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