Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk <p><strong>e-ISSN:</strong> 2658-1973</p> <p><strong>ISSN:</strong> 2450-7245</p> <p><strong>DOI:</strong> 10.34739/szk</p> <p><strong>Punktacja MEiN:</strong> 40</p> Wydawnictwo Naukowe UPH pl-PL Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2450-7245 Szczęście w poglądach Komeńskiego i w koncepcjach psychologii pozytywnej – poszukiwanie analogii https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2705 <p>Unflagging interest of the pedagogical thought of John Amos Comenius results from the universalism of his assumptions. A significant part of his views is reflected in the contempo-rary pedagogical concepts, and their topicality results from the humanism permeating his considerations of education. Thanks to it, it can be concluded that Comenius' views laid the foundations for the humanistic orientation of pedagogy, taking shape at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. The aim of the article is to present John Amos Comenius’ views of happi-ness and to relate them to the assumptions of the currently developed psychological and peda-gogical research on happiness.</p> Janina Florczykiewicz Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 27 35 Między teorią a praktyką wychowania – czego dziś możemy nauczyć się z Orbis sensualium pictus Jana Amosa Komeńskiego https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2706 <p>The most important merits of Comenius in the history of education are his justifi-cation and the use of visualization in teaching, describing and justifying the class-lesson system with a breakdown into subjects of teaching, and he is credited with the work of the “improvement of human affairs” in the world in the spirit of “humanistic values”. A careful reading of Comenius’ textbooks, in particular his Orbis sensualium pictus (1658), shows that all these “merits” are the result of a simplified interpretation or even misinterpretation of his works, in particular – focusing only on the theoretical and visionary texts by Comenius and not taking into account his textbooks.</p> Adam Fijałkowski Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 37 49 Kontynuacja myśli pedagogicznej Jana Amosa Komeńskiego w edukacji XXI wieku w kontekście wybranych zagadnień https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2707 <p>John Amos Comenius' views on education do not only have a historical dimension. They belong to the valuable aspects relating to the area of education in the context of the organ-ization of schoolwork, universality of education, arranging the teacher's work with the use of methodologically important teaching principles and working methods, taking into account the intellectual and physical abilities of students. The meaning of the postulated views is humanistic, leaning towards a man and his development possibilities. At the same time, they indicate his a right for a dignified life, which results from the concept of human nature. From the sense and essence of J. A. Comenius' humanistic thinking derives the nature of his timeless ideas, whose message is still valid in the multidimensional education of the 21st century. The aim of the text is to present selected ideas of J. A. Comenius - a scholar from the 17th century, which are still relevant and can be found in contemporary education. In the text, I refer to the selected ideas. I characterize and interpret them, referring to the great works by J. A. Comenius and priority modern educational challenges.</p> Urszula Tyluś Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 51 66 Ślady Komeńskiego we współczesności: utopijność versus realna obecność jego założeń pedagogicznych i społecznych https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2708 <p>The article is an attempt to analyze selected aspects in the pedagogical and social views of John Amos Comenius. Comparing Comenius with the present day is looking for his traces in it. At the same time, in the literature covering studies of Comenius' output, there are categories of utopia and realism. To explain them, a short analysis of the relationship between utopia and pedagogy was undertaken. In pedagogy as a social science, a vision of a better world is always created, which is not always accepted. Comenius' views, described as utopia, seem to be accomplished today in practice and pedagogical theory, although their actual sources are not always used.</p> Barbara Dobrowolska Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 67 83 Od Jana Amosa Komeńskiego do Jeana Frédérica Oberlina – od idei do praxis https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2709 <p>Resulting from his reflections on education and shaped by the idea of pansophism, the phenomenon of Comenius' pedagogical thought for centuries not only had an impact on the development of the subsequent philosophical trends forming the (perennial) educational exemplar but also it indicated the direction of the essential educational reforms. One of the inheri-tors of Comenius' pedagogical visionary was the author of Poêles à tricoter - John Frederic Oberlin. In his archetype of kindergarten, a reflection of Comenius' idea related to the early education can be found, which was included in Informatorium scholae maternae ('On early education'), which Oberlin puts into a language of pedagogical praxis. Comenius' ideas of religious-ethical education, child’s multisided development and education leading to child's readiness to be a pupil were given not only an application character but also an institutional form by Oberlin. Initiated by Oberlin in Ban de la Roche in 1769 on the pages of Poêles à tricoter and referring directly to Comenius' reflections, the educational solutions commenced the new era in the history of education.</p> Krystyna Kamińska Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 85 113 "Nowy komeniusz" Jana Chrzciciela Mieroszewskiego. Jego związki z pansofią Komeńskiego https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2710 <p>The article analyses The New Comenius, a work by a little-known 19th-century Polish writer, Jan Mieroszewski. The title itself indicates a connection with the works by John Amos Comenius due to the appellativization of the scientist’s name. The author lists multiple affinities in the content, composition and form of the Polish "Comenius" with Orbis Pictus and other works by the outstanding Czech educator, and above all, with his idea of pansophism. He mentions the illustrative method of transferring knowledge and the encyclopaedic tendency to collect and systematize it. At the same time, he proves that Comenius' concepts influenced the development of the Polish prose of the seventeenth century, which assumed the silvic formula of a collection of varieties useful in the lives of educated people. Mieroszewski's book is a continuation of this trend of writing, which combined genealogically contradictory patterns of silva rerum and the encyclopaedia. Despite its literary nature, it retains the value of a textbook or lexicon, which was intended to convey wisdom in a universal dimension, relating to the spheres of self-knowledge, the world of universal and transcendent things, as Comenius had assumed. Undoubtedly, the analysed text confirms the viability of the scholar's concept in the Polish intellectual and literary culture of the nineteenth century.</p> Sławomir Sobieraj Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 115 128 "Dedykacja trzem Królestwom" – opis i znaczenie siedemnastowiecznego pansoficznego manuskryptu Jana Amosa Komeńskiego dla rozwoju nauki https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2711 <p>The author presents to the Polish-speaking reader a little-known work by Jan Amos Comenius, titled Latin Dedicatio ad tria regna – Czech Dedikace třem královstvím – Polish Dedykacja trzem Królestwom – English Dedication to the Three Kingdoms. It acquaints us not only with its structure, composition and layout, but also with the main theses and assumed plans. It introduces us to a large extent to the subject matter of „repairing human things”. We see how Jan Amos Comenius persistently and with unprecedented persistence decidedly pursued the honorable goal that he set for himself – the panophilic repair of all human things. A picture of Comenius' hopes for these three European countries, ie Poland, Sweden and Great Britain, was also presented. We also learn how this manuscript in question was gradually modified by him over the course of the seventeenth century. An important fact is also that the described work is important for modern science, especially in historical, social, pedagogical, philological and theological disciplines.</p> Lubomír Hampl Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 129 140 Inspiracje Komeńskiego i o Komeńskim. Szkic o planie kształcenia językowego z wieku XVII i jego znaczeniu dla współczesności https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2712 <p>This outline is an attempt to answer the questions concerning the scientific foundation and, above all, the inspiration of modern didactic and pedagogical concepts of John Amos Comenius by works of authors whose pedagogical and philosophical solutions appeared in the first half of the 17th century, especially the legacy of Sebastian Petrycy of Pilsen, in the context of foreign languages specifications and plans for teaching them. Educational, cultural and social contexts, as well as the media revolution of the 17th and 21st centuries, are the starting point for these considerations. Analysis of some excerpts from Sebastian Petrycy's Przydatki, comeniologists', contemporary educators’, scientists’ and a Nobel Prize winner's works are essential in an attempt to formulate answers to these questions. Establishing the extent of inspiration which appeared to be important to Comenius may prove to be significant in the context of studying the significance of this great pedagogue's ideas for the development of science and education.</p> Agnieszka Michalkiewicz-Gorol Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 141 156 Symbolika i funkcja postaci literackich w "Labiryncie świata i raju serca" Jana Amosa Komeńskiego https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2713 <p>The presented research concerns the functions and symbolism of the characters in "Labyrinth of the World and Paradise of the Heart" by John Amos Comenius. In this work, the characters are largely typified and are examples that serve the author’s in-depth spiritual reflection. The negative features of the heroes are often shown by Comenius in animal costumes. Symbolic associations with the world of fauna refer to the inner sphere of man and show his moral condition.</p> Andrzej Borkowski Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 157 167 Świat uczonych w dziele Jana Amosa Komeńskiego: "Labirynt świata i raj serca" i płynące z niego przesłanie do współczesnego świata nauki i edukacji https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2714 <p>This paper is part of the trend of reading the relevance of the works by John Amos Comenius for modern times. The author examines Labyrinth of the World and Paradise of the Heart, a unique literary work by the Czech scholar. The article aims to present the image of the world of scholars presented in the mentioned work and expose its message for the contemporary academic world. Although Comenius devoted many of his works to the project of transforming the world of academia, the examined work is rather an allegorical story criticising the condition of the scholars’ world than a project of its reform. In this article, the author chooses not to complement this critical vision with what can be learned from Comenius’ other works, and instead focuses only on the very picture of the world of scholars presented in the work under study. As a result, the author concludes that the most important message to the contemporary world of academia from Labyrinth of the World and Paradise of the Heart is a call for a moral-spiritual renewal.</p> Marek Jastrzębski Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 169 183 Wiedza i światło u Jana Amosa Komeńskiego w "Labiryncie świata i raju serca" i w twórczości Fiodora Dostojewskiego – podobieństwa i różnice https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2715 <p>In the works by John Amos Comenius (1592-1670), light often plays a key role in the interpretation of the text. This is related to the philosophy of the Baroque, according to which a person wanders through the metaphorical labyrinth of life and only later, passing through the darkness, can reach the truth. Light in Comenius' works is particularly important for cognition, to which John Amos Comenius devoted a large part of his work, both artistic and pedagogical. Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1821-1881) in his reflections on the nature of man and God also refers to the biblical interpretation according to which light is closely related to the presence of Christ. Man is faced with a choice between the light and the dark, he is lost in the choice, as if in a baroque world-maze and darkness.</p> Mateusz Wąsowski Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 185 193 The significance of John Amos Comenius’ great ideas for the development of pedagogical research https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2716 <p>This paper presents the pedagogical significance of John Amos Comenius and how his pedagogical ideas influenced the development of pedagogical research. By analyzing Comenius' ideas, we have shown their connection with the development of pedagogical research. Mankind still does not find more original ideas than his, but returns to his opus and finds more and more new knowledge in it, which builds on the existing educational theory and practice. The aim of this paper is to identify which of Comenius’ pedagogical ideas contributed to the development of pedagogical research and thus the Methodology of Pedagogy as a scientific discipline. Primarily, we want to place Comenius' philosophical and pedagogical views in the context of their importance for the development of pedagogical research. The tasks are formulated as follows: 1. Analysis of the pedagogical significance of John Amos Comenius, 2. Analysis of the historical development of pedagogical research in Serbia. 3. Pointing out the connection between the principles founded by John Amos Comenius and the development of pedagogical research. The meth-od of theoretical and historical analysis with the technique of content analysis of historical and pedagogical sources and documents was used. After presenting Comenius’ pedagogical ideas, the paper presents the development of pedagogical research in Serbia and the principles of Comenius in which we found the basis for the development of pedagogical research.</p> Jelena Osmanović Zajić Jelena Maksimović Gordana Petrović Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 195 206 Значај великих идеја Jана Aмоса Kоменског за развој педагошких истраживања https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2717 <p>This paper presents the pedagogical significance of John Amos Comenius and how his pedagogical ideas influenced the development of pedagogical research. By analyzing Comenius' ideas, we have shown their connection with the development of pedagogical research. Mankind still does not find more original ideas than his, but returns to his opus and finds more and more new knowledge in it, which builds on the existing educational theory and practice. The aim of this paper is to identify which of Comenius’ pedagogical ideas contributed to the development of pedagogical research and thus the Methodology of Pedagogy as a scientific discipline. Primarily, we want to place Comenius' philosophical and pedagogical views in the context of their importance for the development of pedagogical research. The tasks are formulated as follows: 1. Analysis of the pedagogical significance of John Amos Comenius, 2. Analysis of the historical development of pedagogical research in Serbia. 3. Pointing out the connection between the principles founded by John Amos Comenius and the development of pedagogical research. The method of theoretical and historical analysis with the technique of content analysis of historical and pedagogical sources and documents was used. After presenting Comenius’ pedagogical ideas, the paper presents the development of pedagogical research in Serbia and the principles of Co-menius in which we found the basis for the development of pedagogical research.</p> Jelena Osmanović Zajić Jelena Maksimović Gordana Petrović Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 207 219 Amicus Plato, kilka uwag o Janie Amosie Komeńskim i jego czasach https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2718 <p>The life and output of outstanding people, and John Amos Comenius was undoubtedly one of them, is often judged ahistorically and selectively, exposing what has stood the test of time, was a precursor to the future. It is forgotten, because it does not fit into the idealized picture, that like everyone, even the greatest were children of their times, they shared the opinions and superstitions of their contemporaries, and their successes and failures were determined by forces and processes far beyond their extraordinary possibilities. Comenius' achievements, the fact that he did not play such a role in the creation of pedagogy and universal school as he could, were burdened by the debilitating wars, the religious division of Europe caused by the speech of Martin Luther and the Scholar’s unequivocal standing on one side of the dispute, which for a long time practically closed the other, antagonistic side and most of the Continent to his pedagogical ideas.</p> Zbigniew Nowak Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 221 232 Ikonografia Jana Amosa Komeńskiego w zbiorach Muzeum Okręgowego w Lesznie https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2719 <p>The article presents a collection of iconographic objects showing the images of John Amos Comenius: oil paintings, graphics, medals and plaques, postcards, and numismatic items. They are discussed taking into account the historical context of their creation and the methods of obtaining them for the collection. The article, despite its review character, aims to draw attention to similar collections in other Polish institutions.</p> Kamila Szymańska Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 233 247 Manuskrypt Jana Amosa Komeńskiego "Dedicatio ad tria regna – czyli Specjalny apel do Europejczyków, przeznaczony przede wszystkim do królestw i państw północnych" https://czasopisma.uph.edu.pl/szk/article/view/2720 <p>The translation from Latin and Czech into Polish of an entire important, but still little-known work (Latin Dedicatio ad tria regna – Czech Dedikace třem královstvím – English Dedication to the three Kingdoms) introduces us to a large extent to the subject matter of the “i m p r o v e m e n t o f human affairs”. The translation of this manuscript fills a large gap in Polish comeniology. In the work translated into Polish, we can see how John Amos Comenius persistently and decisively pursued the honorable goal he had set for himself – that is, the pansophic improvement of all human affairs. The Polish-speaking reader will finally be able to “fully” read this work in their native language, in which there are also important elements related not only to pedagogical and educational topics, but above all to socio-philosophical issues and theological-biblical comparative references, centered around the domain of interdisciplinary research. The so-called “Portrait sketch” is also presented, or what hopes Comenius linked to the three described countries, strictly speaking the kingdoms of the North, i.e. Poland, Sweden and Great Britain, during the period of significant changes in seventeenth-century Europe.</p> Lubomír Hampl Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Siedleckie Zeszyty Komeniologiczne seria Pedagogika 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 8 8 251 265