The article discusses the phenomenon of the prominent statesman, thinker, and publicist K.P. Pobedonostsev. The author explores his relationship with the Russian intelligentsia, representatives of the conservative camp. The politi-cal views of Pobedonostsev and paradoxicality of his behavior as a politician and as a person are analyzed. Reasons for his ideological drama, which is fatal-ity of his attempts to resist the general tendencies of life, are also revealed. The article substantiates the position that the motivation of Pobedonostsev’s human and political strategy depended on the socio-historical and cultural context of the turn of the 19th – 20th centuries.