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civil protection
civil defense
crisis management


Civil defense in Poland is one of the entities responsible for the security of the civilian population in the situation of both the threat of external military security of the state and internal threats caused by natural disasters and industrial disasters. However, its formula is outdated, and reforms carried out over the decades, especially after the political transformation, did not bring satisfactory results. The purpose of the article is, by using a method of critical analysis of the literature on the subject as well as normative acts and post-audit reports, a synthetic presentation of the process of these changes, an indication of how they affected the current condition of the Civil Defense and proposing a solution based on proven foreign standards, after being adapted to domestic conditions, will allow for the restoration of CD functionality and will unambiguously end long-term competence disputes related to the possibility of using it in an emergency.
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