The paper seeks to shows the conceptualizations of the concept of longing/yearning
as understood by children at different stages of cognitive development; intellectually normal
six-year-old children and ten-year-old children with Down syndrome. The way of expressing
the emotion of longing depends on the cognitive abilities of the studied children. What emerges
from them is subjective experience, individual viewpoints and the popular view of the world. In
both groups of subjects we see differences in the construction (choice of aspects) of the semantic
structure of the concept, dissimilarities in the anthropocentric attitude towards reality and
the subjectivism of observations.