Conversatoria Linguistica <p><strong>ISSN:</strong> 1897-1415</p> <p>DOI: 10.34739/clg</p> Wydawnictwo Naukowe UPH pl-PL Conversatoria Linguistica 1897-1415 Recenzja książki: Rafał Jakiel, Onomastykon jako element mimetycznych konstruktów Narnii i Śródziemia z perspektywy translatorycznej, Oficyna Wydawnicza ATUT, Wrocław-Dresden 2020, ss. 400 <p>x</p> Agnieszka Kijak Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Conversatoria Linguistica 2022-03-03 2022-03-03 13 10.34739/clg.2021.13.08 Sprawozdanie z Międzynarodowej Konferencji Naukowej „Wartości w językowym obrazie świata Polaków i Litwinów III. Przeszłość i współczesność w języku i kulturze” <p>x</p> Beata Żywicka Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Conversatoria Linguistica 2022-03-03 2022-03-03 13 10.34739/clg.2021.13.09 Vittoria agli Assasini! Jak brzmi sukces w grze komputerowej? <p>The paper addresses the issue of the success of the sound of computer game success. To realise this, the author undertook a study of sound samples selected by him, which he considered to be the auditory representation of success in a computer game. The study was carried out with the help of the Reaper computer program and included 9 different sound characters. In the article, the author also reflects on the source and essence of success in a computer game and the game-player-success relationship.</p> Mikołaj Bajew Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Conversatoria Linguistica 2022-01-26 2022-01-26 13 10.34739/clg.2021.13.01 ‘Demokracja’ w świetle badań ankietowych ASA i sondaży opinii społecznej CBOS <p>The purpose of this article is to outline the understanding of the term "democracy" by Polish student youth in the light of the ASA survey ("axiological dictionary questionnaire") conducted in Lublin from 1990 to the present period, in order also in the light of the CBOS survey from 2000, and to define the place of "democratic values" in the system of values of Polish society on the basis of CBOS reports from the years 2005-2019. The ASA "cognitive" questionnaire, containing an open-ended question, confirmed that the features co-creating the "semantic centre" of the Polish notion of "democracy" over the consecutive decades invariably included "freedom" and "equality" and their various dimensions. The CBOS poll, which asked a closed question and indicated those features of 'democracy' which are at-tributed to it mainly "in theoretical considerations" and in journalism, revealed that adult Poles considered 'equality before the law' to be the most important feature of democracy, followed by such features as: 'protection of personal freedom of citizens', 'selection of the best people to govern the country', 'provision of equal educational opportunities for chil-dren from all families', etc. "Democratic values" were among the sixteen values important for Polish society. They occupied an important – albeit not the most important – place in this system.</p> Monika Grzeszczak Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Conversatoria Linguistica 2022-01-26 2022-01-26 13 10.34739/clg.2021.13.02 Afryka oczyma świata zachodniego – językowy stereotyp Afryki i jej mieszkańców w języku duńskim <p>The present paper aims to investigate the way in which Africa is perceived by Danish speakers in light of the most petrified linguistic expressions and corpus data. As it turns out, the received picture is largely negative, with elements such as POVERTY, DISEASES, LACK OF DEMOCRACY, WARS and ETHNIC CLASHES in its foreground. Moreover, in the majority of the analyzed contexts Africa is presented as a cluster of similar countries facing the same challenges, with little room for the awareness of the great cultural diversity that flourishes on the continent. In this context, it is also worth adding that the analyzed collocations also convey a closely related stereotype of the inhabitants of Africa, regarded primarily through the prism of the color of their skin and the suffering they must endure on their continent. It is no surprise, then, that Africa and African people are quite often perceived as a problem for the western world, especially because of the highly-feared waves of immigrants and asylum seekers that occur regularly on the continent. On the other hand, at least in the light of the analyzed material, there seems to be no to little realization of the fact that many of the problems of Africa stem from the ages of draining its human and natural resources by the colonial powers. As argued by the author of the present article, such a picture of Africa is not only unfair but may have other consequences as well, possibly predetermining how Danes willview single issues such as immigration or military invasions, and letting them fall into the spiral of eurocentric and patronizing understanding of the world.</p> Aleksander Kacprzak Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Conversatoria Linguistica 2022-01-26 2022-01-26 13 10.34739/clg.2021.13.03 Reflections on some universal processes leading to changes in languages round the world <p>Zmiana jest naturalnym procesem doświadczanym praktycznie przez wszystko, co istnieje w fizycznym świecie. Zatem spostrzeżenie to dotyczy również wszystkich języków, które bez wyjątku nieustannie podlegają uniwersalnym procesom zmian, często prowadzących do różnego rodzaju nieregularności. Niektórymi z tych procesów są umlaut (przegłos), harmonia samogłoskowa, lenicja i gramatykalizacja. Jeśli chodzi o ten pierwszy, nazywany również mu-tacją samogłoskową, występuje on zwłaszcza w językach germańskich, takich jak: angielski, szwedzki i niemiecki. Odwrotnym procesem jest harmonia samogłoskowa, którą można znaleźć w języku fińskim, tureckim czy suahili. Jeśli chodzi o lenicję, nazywaną również osłabieniem, spotkać możemy ją chociażby w polskim, niemieckim i irlandzkim. Wydaje się, że takim najpopularniejszym procesem zmiany językowej jest gramatykalizacja, prowadząca do rozwoju gramatyki, bowiem dotyczy ona w zasadzie wszystkich języków naturalnych, w tym bałkańskich. W niniejszym artykule omówieniu podlegają wybrane aspekty następujących języ-ków: angielskiego, niemieckiego, szwedzkiego, łaciny, hiszpańskiego, francuskiego, arabskiego, polskiego, serbskiego, macedońskiego, rumuńskiego, greckiego, fińskiego i tok pisin.</p> Ireneusz Kida Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Conversatoria Linguistica 2022-01-26 2022-01-26 13 10.34739/clg.2021.13.04 Innowacje frazeologiczne w komunikacji językowej miłośników psów na forach internetowych <p>The sketch provides an overview and analysis of new expressions and phraseological phrases created during virtual language conversations with dog lovers on online forums. Creating phraseological innovations is one of the ways to multiply the lexical resource of the community of dog enthusiasts focused on online forums aimed at lovers of quadrupeds.</p> Małgorzata Klauze Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Conversatoria Linguistica 2022-01-26 2022-01-26 13 10.34739/clg.2021.13.05 Fan, Fußballfan, kibic i pseudokibic jako funkcjonalne ekwiwalenty z perspektywy kookurencji w języku niemieckim i polskim <p>The aim of the paper is to establish the functional equivalence between the terms 'football fan' in German and Polish. Functional equivalence presupposes that lexemes occur in the two languages in a convergent syntagmatic environment. The analysis of co-occurring lexemes will be based on establishing the correlations of German units using the DWDS Wortprofil tool and the DWDS corpus, and for the Polish language – WordSketch and the plTenTen corpus. Detailed analysis and comparisons of co-occurrence (co-occurring adjective and verb groups with the highest frequency are analysed according to their syntactic functions and semantic groups) allows for establishing partial equivalence between the analysed lexemes and to state that the German terms ‘Fan’ and ‘Fußballfan’ cover the meaning of the neutral lexeme ‘kibic’ as well as the meaning of the lexeme ‘pseudokibic’ with negative connotations</p> Janusz Taborek Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Conversatoria Linguistica 2022-01-26 2022-01-26 13 10.34739/clg.2021.13.06 Analiza wybranych sprawności językowych jako wskaźnik funkcjonowania poznawczego u osoby z afazją akustyczno-mnestyczną <p>The article is a case report of the analysis of the selected language skills of a 69-year-old woman after brain infarction of the left hemisphere, as a result of which an auditory-mnestic aphasia occurred. The definition of a type of aphasia was possible due to a detailed evaluation of the lingual and mental capacities of the patient. The assessment of interactive capabilities demonstrated various difficulties that created an individualized character of speech pathology. Although the patient was able to respond to communication, initiate her own utterances, and execute intentions, her texts were uncommon. In most cases, patient texts did not correspond to the previous context. A constant pattern is visible in the analyzed conversations which can imply the presence of a loop.</p> Adrianna Urban Prawa autorskie (c) 2022 Conversatoria Linguistica 2022-03-03 2022-03-03 13 10.34739/clg.2021.13.07